Despite its small size (roughly 100 miles (160 km) from its northernmost to southernmost points), there is significant variation in mean temperature and amount of snowfall between Sussex County and New Castle County. Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction, https://www.britannica.com/place/Delaware-state, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame - The Rolling Stones, Official Tourism Site of Delaware, United States, CRW Flags - Flag of Delaware, United States, Delaware - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Delaware - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Division of Corporations provides services that allow you to pay your annual taxes and file corporate annual reports, file UCC 1 and UCC 3 documents online and view the Delaware General Corporate Law via the internet. Philadelphia's ABC affiliate, WPVI-TV, maintains a news bureau in downtown Wilmington. Current Resident: Newark, Delaware is a small town thirty minutes from Philadelphia. Much of the shoreline of Delaware Bay is marshy. [citation needed] This boundary is often referred to as the Twelve-Mile Circle. The first of the original 13 states to ratify the federal Constitution, Delaware occupies a small niche in the Boston-Washington, D.C., urban corridor along the Middle Atlantic seaboard. Historically, geographically, and economically, Delaware has had close ties with Pennsylvania, particularly the city of Philadelphia, where the Delaware River and other transportation arteries direct its commerce. Initially led by John Haslet, Delaware provided one of the premier regiments in the Continental Army, known as the "Delaware Blues" and nicknamed the "Blue Hen's Chicks". The state does, however, impose a tax on the gross receipts of most businesses. State in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, This article is about the State of Delaware. Delaware's single U.S. Representative is Lisa Blunt Rochester (Democrat). Salisbury's CBS affiliate, WBOC-TV, maintains bureaus in Dover and Milton. Delaware was the 1 st state in the USA; it became a state on December 7, 1787 .. State Abbreviation - DE State Capital - Dover Largest City - Wilmington Area - 1,954 square miles [Delaware is the 49th biggest state in the USA] Population - 925,749 (as of 2013) [Delaware is the 45th most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - Delawareans Major Industries - business, agriculture and tourism The state of Delaware is often viewed as a haven for corporations due to … Fighting off a prior claim by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland, the Duke passed his somewhat dubious ownership on to William Penn in 1682. In the WNBA, the Washington Mystics enjoy a major following due to the presence of Wilmington native and University of Delaware product Elena Delle Donne. The Amish first settled in Kent County in 1915. Delaware: The Diamond State Looking on any Delaware map, you will see that it is not a big state, but it is certainly a place that has a lot to offer. The Delaware people, a name used by Europeans for Lenape people indigenous to the Delaware Valley, also derive their name from the same source. With more popular Delaware cities like Dover and Wilmington, the state itself has plenty of historical value. Several high bridges over the canal, the giant twin bridges crossing the Delaware River north of New Castle, and the refinery stacks at Delaware City are the major landmarks on the horizon below the northwestern corner of the state, where the rolling hills of the Piedmont extend south from Pennsylvania. This toponymic could derive from Latin ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin varectum (fallow). Delaware is represented in rugby by the Delaware Black Foxes, a 2015 expansion club. Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington and the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware oversee the parishes within their denominations. [87] As of 2012[update], fees for the paratransit service have not changed since 1988. [47], As of 2011[update], 49.7% of Delaware's population younger than one year of age belonged to minority groups (i.e., did not have two parents of non-Hispanic white ancestry). But for a quiet, non-touristy spot to get your ocean-fix, you want to go to Beach Plum Island, Big Stone Beach, or Bethany Beach. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and Dow Chemical Company into DowDuPont took place on September 1, 2017.[73][74][75][76]. It has state parks which have trails to walk, run, or bike. The state was named after the Delaware River, which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia at the time Europeans first explored the river. Delaware, which hugs the Atlantic coast, runs only 96 miles long and 39 miles wide and has just three counties: New Castle, Kent and Sussex. Most functions which are handled on a county-by-county basis in other states—such as court and law enforcement—have been centralized in Delaware, leading to a significant concentration of power in the Delaware state government. https://www.zippia.com/advice/largest-companies-in-delaware By the 1860 census on the verge of the Civil War, 91.7% of the black population were free;[28] 1,798 were slaves, as compared to 19,829 "free colored persons".[29]. Delaware: Small Wonder . The Association of Religion Data Archives[59] reported in 2010 that the three largest denominational groups in Delaware by number of adherents are the Catholic Church at 182,532 adherents, the United Methodist Church with 53,656 members reported, and non-denominational Evangelical Protestant with 22,973 adherents reported. Most of the Coastal Plain is fertile and level, seldom rising above 60 feet (18 metres) above sea level, but it becomes increasingly sandy to the south. Delaware - Delaware - Climate: The climate of Delaware is humid and temperate. Delaware is 96 miles (154 km) long and ranges from 9 miles (14 km) to 35 miles (56 km) across, totaling 1,954 square miles (5,060 km2), making it the second-smallest state in the United States after Rhode Island. [104], Tax is collected by the Delaware Division of Revenue.[105]. On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, and has since been known as The First State. This border extends all the way east to the low-tide mark on the New Jersey shore, then continues south along the shoreline until it again reaches the 12-mile (19 km) arc in the south; then the boundary continues in a more conventional way in the middle of the main channel (thalweg) of the Delaware River. The state is divided into three counties, having the lowest number of any state; from north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex County. French is the third most spoken language at 0.7%, followed by Chinese at 0.5% and German at 0.5%. The Senate confirms judicial and other nominees appointed by the governor. Dependent in early years on indentured labor, Delaware imported more slaves as the number of English immigrants decreased with better economic conditions in England. Though the land on either side of it is similar, many Delawareans are convinced that even the weather changes at the canal. [27], Although attempts to abolish slavery failed by narrow margins in the legislature, in practical terms the state had mostly ended the practice. Find information about state government, programs, and services. Three ferries operate in the state of Delaware: Amtrak has two stations in Delaware along the Northeast Corridor; the relatively quiet Newark Rail Station in Newark, and the busier Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington. Omissions? Delaware's swing to the Democrats is in part due to a strong Democratic trend in New Castle County, home to 55 percent of Delaware's population (the two smaller counties have only 359,000 people between them to New Castle County's 535,000). By 1810 three-quarters of all blacks in Delaware were free. So the Delaware corporation statute can’t by itself account for Delaware’s success in attracting corporate incorporations. The all-time record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was also recorded at Millsboro, on January 17, 1893. DE 404 is another primary east–west highway connecting the Chesapeake Bay Bridge in Maryland with the Delaware beaches. The first of the original 13 states to ratify the federal Constitution, it occupies a small niche in the Boston–Washington, D.C., urban corridor along the Middle Atlantic seaboard. While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments. You may now also reserve names, check status of an entity and corporate history online. Most of the English colonists had arrived as indentured servants (contracted for a fixed period to pay for their passage), and in the early years the line between servant and slave was fluid. According to the 2010 United States Census, Delaware had a population of 897,934. Farther north, on the banks of the Delaware River, spots of high, dry land appear, as at Port Penn, New Castle, and Edgemoor. Geographical and historical treatment of Delaware, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. The table below lists the ten largest municipalities in the state based on the 2018 United States Census Estimate. Much of the beach is a low bar between the ocean and a series of lagoons or shallow bays, but at Bethany Beach, near the southern boundary, and again at Rehoboth Beach, near the northern end, the mainland reaches directly to the ocean. [85][86] Funding for DelDOT projects is drawn, in part, from the Delaware Transportation Trust Fund, established in 1987 to help stabilize transportation funding; the availability of the Trust led to a gradual separation of DelDOT operations from other Delaware state operations. The Benefits of Delaware Incorporation. So it was that New Castle lawyer Thomas McKean denounced the Stamp Act in the strongest terms, and Kent County native John Dickinson became the "Penman of the Revolution." [70][71], In late 2015, DuPont announced that 1,700 employees, nearly a third of its footprint in Delaware, would be laid off in early 2016. At the time, state law prohibited money raised from white taxpayers from being used to support the state's schools for black children. [87], As of 2016[update], there is no scheduled air service from any Delaware airport, as has been the case in various years since 1991. In 2016, Delaware's electoral votes went to Hillary Clinton by 11 percentage points. Find cheap homes and condos for sale, view real estate listing photos, compare properties, and more. Map of Delaware Large Color Map. The Democrats have held the governorship since 1993, having won the last seven gubernatorial elections in a row. The state is organized into three counties—from north to south, New Castle, Kent, and Sussex—all established by 1682. No standalone television stations are based solely in Delaware. It contains 1,982 square miles. Delaware officially ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, 1901. As of 2000 91% of Delaware residents age 5 and older speak only English at home; 5% speak Spanish. Since almost all of Delaware is a part of the Atlantic coastal plain, the effects of the ocean moderate its climate. Sandy beach fronts large stretches of the southern Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean coastline. Franchise taxes on Delaware corporations supply about a fifth of the state's revenue. Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British. Get Ready To Give Folks From Jersey And Long Island A Whole Lot Of Side-Eye Various airlines had served Wilmington Airport, the latest departure being Frontier Airlines in April 2015.[96]. Small portions of Delaware are also situated on the eastern side of the Delaware River sharing land boundaries with New Jersey. History of Delaware . The state’s main port, at Wilmington, is located at the confluence of the Delaware River and the Christina, one of its tributaries. Delaware's U.S. [11] Since the turn of the 20th century, Delaware is also a de facto onshore corporate haven, in which by virtue of its corporate laws, the state is the domicile of over 50% of all NYSE-listed business and 60% of the Fortune 500. 13. Delaware is home to First State National Historical Park, a National Park Service unit composed of historic sites across the state including the New Castle Court House, Green, and Sheriff's House, Dover Green, Beaver Valley, Fort Christina, Old Swedes' Church, John Dickinson Plantation, and the Ryves Holt House. The northern part of the state is on the Piedmont plateau, a hilly area between the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic coastal plain. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). For the indigenous people, see, Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted, Interactive map showing border of Delaware (click to zoom), 2018 United States Census Bureau Estimate. It is 96 miles long and varies from 9 to 35 miles in width. The counties were historically divided into hundreds, which were used as tax reporting and voting districts until the 1960s, but now serve no administrative role, their only current official legal use being in real estate title descriptions.[101]. Editor. It is the only co-located horse- and car-racing facility in the nation, with the Dover Downs track located inside the DIS track. The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on labor-intensive tobacco and increasingly dependent on African slaves because of a decline in working class immigrants from England. Locking It All Up In Delaware. The Democratic Party holds a plurality of registrations in Delaware. The A.U.M.P. In 2004, John Kerry won Delaware by eight percentage points. Coming in a gallant first place is North Star. A long sand beach forms the state’s oceanfront, stretching from the border with Maryland, at Fenwick Island, north to Cape Henlopen, at the mouth of Delaware Bay. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle is more urbanized. Real estate is subject to county property taxes, school district property taxes, vocational school district taxes, and, if located within an incorporated area, municipal property taxes. Residents of Sussex County will also use Wicomico Regional Airport (SBY), as it is located less than 10 miles (16 km) from the Delaware border. The colony of New Sweden lasted 17 years. About 30 percent of all Delaware bridges were built before 1950, and about 60 percent of the number are included in the National Bridge Inventory. The Delaware Constitution establishes a number of courts: Minor non-constitutional courts include the Justice of the Peace Courts and Aldermen's Courts. Ebright Road in New Castle County is the highest state elevation at 442 feet above sea level. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present town of Lewes, in 1631. In a similar vein to Maryland, Delaware's geography, culture, and history combine elements of the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and Southern regions of the country. Before Delaware was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenape, or Delaware, who lived mostly along the coast, and the Nanticoke who occupied much of the southern Delmarva Peninsula. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants continued to arrive. For these reasons, Delaware is considered to have the most business-friendly legal system in the United States; therefore a great number of companies are incorporated in Delaware, including 60% of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Delaware does not assess a state-level tax on real or personal property. [100], Delaware is subdivided into three counties; from north to south they are New Castle, Kent and Sussex. The centre of Wilmington lies on hills sloping downward toward the confluence of the Christina and its major tributary, the Brandywine. North Star. Delaware's agricultural output consists of poultry, nursery stock, soybeans, dairy products and corn. [72] The merger of E.I. Following the American Revolution, statesmen from Delaware were among the leading proponents of a strong central United States with equal representation for each state. As of October 2019[update], the state's unemployment rate was 3.7%. [42], Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state, with a population density of 442.6 people per square mile, 356.4 per square mile more than the national average, and ranking 45th in population. Each of the 50 states of the United States has passed some form of freedom of information legislation, which provides a mechanism for the general public to request information of the government. In addition local Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of individual manumissions for idealistic reasons. [60][61][62], A 2012 survey of religious attitudes in the United States found that 34% of Delaware residents considered themselves "moderately religious", 33% "very religious", and 33% as "non-religious". Its liberal incorporation laws and a Court of Chancery that specializes in the most-complex issues of corporate governance and finance have encouraged many American and foreign businesses to make Delaware their nominal home. [19] The Kuskarawocks were most likely the Tuscarora. [b] Although the Twelve-Mile Circle is often claimed to be the only territorial boundary in the U.S. that is a true arc, the Mexican boundary with Texas includes several arcs,[13] and many cities in the South (such as Plains, Georgia)[14] also have circular boundaries. As of 2014[update], Delaware is mostly Christian. The state takes its name from the nearby Delaware River named after Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor.[10]. The population was 34,753 at the 2010 census, while the Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH Combined Statistical Area has 2,002,604 people. Obama's running mate was Joe Biden, who had represented Delaware in the United States Senate since 1973. [35] The U.S. Census Bureau designates Delaware as one of the South Atlantic States, but it is commonly associated with the Mid-Atlantic States and/or Northeastern United States by other federal agencies, the media, and some residents.[36][37][38][39][40][41]. Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and some islands and territory within the Delaware River. The state also operates three toll highways, the Delaware Turnpike, which is I-95, between Maryland and New Castle; the Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway, which is DE 1, between Wilmington and Dover; and the U.S. 301 toll road between the Maryland border and DE 1 in New Castle County. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Church. Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines.[25]. [15] The northernmost part of the state is part of the Piedmont Plateau with hills and rolling surfaces. Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination. By 1860, the largest slaveholder owned 16 slaves. An independent black denomination was chartered in 1813 by freed slave Peter Spencer as the "Union Church of Africans". Delaware was founded in 1808 and was incorporated in 1816. So does the Pocomoke River, which drains the Cypress Swamp, or so-called “Burnt Swamp,” in the extreme south of Delaware, athwart the Maryland line. [56][57] Neither bill was passed in the legislature. Significantly, Delaware has one of the few remaining Courts of Chancery in the nation, which has jurisdiction over equity cases, the vast majority of which are corporate disputes, many relating to mergers and acquisitions. In 1638 New Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch. The Wedge of land between the northwest part of the arc and the Maryland border was claimed by both Delaware and Pennsylvania until 1921, when Delaware's claim was confirmed. Delaware is one of five states (Maine, Vermont, West Virginia, Wyoming) that do not have a single city with a population over 100,000 as of the 2010 census. There, navigable water brought shipping close to falls that provided power for manufacturing. Voted the best place to live in Delaware for … The last north–south passenger trains through the main part of Delaware was the Pennsylvania Railroad's local Wilmington-Delmar train in 1965. [30] This was renamed as the African Union First Colored Methodist Protestant Church and Connection, more commonly known as the A.U.M.P. Delaware is home to Dover International Speedway and Dover Downs. Until the 2000 presidential election, the state tended to be a Presidential bellwether, sending its three electoral votes to the winning candidate since 1952. [17] Trap Pond State Park, along with areas in other parts of Sussex County, for example, support the northernmost stands of bald cypress trees in North America. By the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in Delaware began to decline. U.S. 40 is a primary east–west route, connecting Maryland with New Jersey. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Some of the more notable festivals are the Riverfest held in Seaford, the World Championship Punkin Chunkin formerly held at various locations throughout the state since 1986, the Rehoboth Beach Chocolate Festival, the Bethany Beach Jazz Funeral to mark the end of summer, the Apple Scrapple Festival held in Bridgeville, the Clifford Brown Jazz Festival in Wilmington, the Rehoboth Beach Jazz Festival, the Sea Witch Halloween Festival and Parade in Rehoboth Beach, the Rehoboth Beach Independent Film Festival, the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow in Oak Orchard, Firefly Music Festival, and the Return Day Parade held after every election in Georgetown. [ 115 ] Delaware has several museums, wildlife refuges, parks,,. Official state sport is bicycling. [ 96 ] most popular housing types in Delaware for 2021 second-largest city the. Moved to Delaware from Maryland and Delaware Railroad, which makes up five percent which. 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